has been defined as the condition whereby one’s intellectual ability (as
measured by an IQ test) falls within the bottom 2 per cent of the
population or have an IQ less than 70.
Such a cognitive
disability has major implications for one’s ability to adapt to the
challenges of everyday life. It is often associated with a social
disability that impairs the person’s decision-making ability and
heightens vulnerability. Such a vulnerability is evident within all
areas of the person’s life including the school or work environment.
People with learning
disability may exhibit a range of emotional and behavioural
difficulties that are often a reflection of the difficulties they are
experiencing in their interaction with other people. They may feel
frustrated at their lack of opportunities for personal growth or
development; or by the communication barrier they experience when
interacting with others.
Often the impact of
learning disability may be exacerbated by other conditions, such as
autistic spectrum disorder, that make every day a major challenge.
Professionals has direct access to specialist nursing and
clinical psychology staff who can assist in the diagnosis of
intellectual disability and associated conditions such as
autistic spectrum disorder. Such professionals can also give advice on
the management of challenging behaviours associated with such
can be given on an individual basis to both carers and agencies involved
in the support and guidance of people with learning and developmental
Such advice will be
of benefit to those professionals involved in legal deliberations.
can also be organised for groups of individuals on a range of
Behavioural and Functional
Understanding Learning Disability
Responding to Challenging Behaviour
Please contact our office
for further information.